Between the years before and the “World War II” period began, a new pictorial movement began to spread, creating a scandal and a sensation for the innovations it will bring . The movement was born and spread in concomitance with the spread of dictatorships in Europe (in particular with Fascism in Italy, in Nazism in Germany and the Franchism in Spain ). It is a purely American artistic movement that spread throughout Europe, albeit in moderation. In particular, one of the great genes is rememberedof this current, Jackson Pollock, to whom we owe the invention- happened accidentally- of Action Painting. The novelty that is introduced with abstract expressionism, is that there are no precise rules to follow as happened with the previous artistic currents, but it is possible to give free rein to your imagination and creativity, using all the techniques and types of colors you want.

The movements of the first German historical avant-gardes, merged in the denomination ” Expressionism “, produce the works that are perhaps even today more popular than the art of our century. Some critical reviews have however shaken certain certainties and professional readings handed down by inertia, to the point that today, in the difficulty of defining. Expressionism , it is opportune to start by pointing out what it is not. It is not a unitary movement, it is not unconditionally a reaction to ‘Impressionism, it is not only the art of protest, of malaise, of introspection, it is not the melting pot of a psychological content or of abstractionism, it is not a pure break with tradition. According to some it is not even a typically German or Nordic movement; indeed, it is not even a movement. The term expressionism indicates, first of all, the centrality of the problem of expression, of “drawing out” the constituent elements of the picture from the individual’s interiority.

The term “Expressionism” indicates those works that intend to “express” strongly the individual feeling of the artist, rather than objectively represent the reality, consciously deforming the latter so that it becomes evident that what we see in the canvas is not the reproduction of an object as it appears, but as the “hears” the author projects in it his own interior life. If it is true that each artist “expresses” his feelings, it is only the expressionist that forces the viewer to experience these feelings with immediacy, which involves him, excites him, provoking violent psychological reactions in him.”finds its application more exact only for those artists who, starting from the beginning of the 20th century, support the absolute priority of the expression of individual sentiment on the imitation of nature.

History of art: from the German movement to a summary, passing through the French period. Comic Book from Kirchner for Matisse. First, in chronological order, in the history of the vanguard, the movement of “Open Expressionism” 900, with crying, anger, power and sometimes dramatic. Now collect different north development of Europe, united by the need to express through the figure wisdom of the artist about an object or phenomenon of vision. Trying first lone pause through tradition and handing in happened in the late 19th century we think about Van Gogh’s wow, finding important Gauguin, Munch Depression, artists do not realize the condition of the expressist, indispensable place of it. The show represents the meaning and, at the same time, opposes the impression.

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